It must be understood that Jesus had been given authority, at least over all the earth, but probably over all of heaven, too (see Luke 10:17-20), as soon as he conquered Satan in temptation (Matt. 4:1-11, Mark 1:12-13, Luke 4:1-13), for immediately thereafter, he started heralding the Kingdom of the Heavens (Matt. 4:17)/of God (Mark 1:14-15), having returned “in the power of the Spirit“ (Luke 4:14) into Galilee, declaring that Isaiah 61:1-2a had been fulfilled (Luke 4:21) and then curing everyone in sight! (Matt. 4:23-25)
So when Jesus declared to his disciples before his ascension, “Given to me was all authority in heaven and on earth“ (Matthew 28:18), this was not (or not entirely) a fruit of his resurrection, but of his victory in temptation, which commenced his ministry with power from on high as a result. This is why he was authorized to give authority to his disciples (Matt. 10:1, Luke 9:1, Mark 6:7) even before the Resurrection and Pentecost. But, granted, the power was more abundant after his resurrection, for after all, he had become victorious again in his last and much more severe temptation at Gethsemane and the Cross, where he was in such a struggle that he sweat blood and a messenger from heaven came and strengthened him (Luke 22:43-44, cf., Matt. 16:18), as after his first trial (Matt. 4:11).
This two-phase granting of authority and the power of the Spirit for signs and miracles and cures and healing, etc., may explain why Jesus breathed on his disciples “early,” before his ascension, to get Wholesome Spirit (John 20:22) and be authorized to forgive and to hold (i.e., not forgive) anyone’s sins–in effect the “keys of the Kingdom” (Matt. 16:13-20). [3/21/05]
OVERCOMPENSATION and JOY
God’s justice demands an overcompensation for injury. In other words, the injurer must pay back the victim of the injury and add a surplus (sometimes several fold) beyond what the injury cost the victim. The reason? TO RESTORE JOY to the victim. This is an essential element of God’s Kingdom. The one who stole joy ought to repay it.
And, naturally, as we would expect, this fundamental truth of the universe is best illustrated by the Cross/Resurrection of Jesus, the Messiah. In this case, however, the abusers of Jesus could never have repaid him for their unjust injuries against him. Rather, God Himself intervened, out of uncreated love, and reacted in graciousness to overcompensate His Son Himself, to give him his due! So whereas under the Old Covenant murder was too heinous a crime to be overcompensated by any amount of money or property (an “in kind” payment of the life of the murderer was required instead), the New Covenant was inaugurated when God the Father Himself acted miraculously from His celestial throne to overcompensate His grievously abused, though completely innocent, Son with resurrection from the dead, exaltation to sovereignty over the entire created order, and the indescribable Gift of superabundant favor–the promised Spirit of wholesomeness–to give away gratuitously to all who trust this Proclamation!
It is this divine graciousness (χαρις) that restored fulness of Kingdom joy (χαρα) to the mortal human race, thus inviting their endless, boundless thanksgiving (ευχαριστια) to God! [6/23/05]
It is clear from both the teaching and practice of Jesus that he came to liberate humans from the respective bondages of medical, financial, political, military, and religious AUTHORITY by DISPLACEMENT, not REVOLUTION–not by INSURRECTION but by RESURRECTION! Thereby he inaugurated a New Creation…a New Humanity that responds to Messiah’s headship and his Spirit’s leadership. [1/21/06]
If the complete RESURRECTION of the body is “in the Atonement,” then surely the current HEALING of the body is! [2/9/06]