Monthly Archives: March 2019


ZAHN, Theodore (1838-1933)

***__________. [epho as “under which circumstance,” from Seifrid, Christ Our Righteousness, p. 70, note 91]

ZIESLER, John A. (-)

**__________. Paul’s Letter to the Romans. London: SCM, 1989. [Esp. pp. 115-16. Sees the “righteousness” of Rom. 3:24-26 as saving righteousness, but in what sense?]


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YANCEY, Philip (1949-)

__________. “Surveying the Wondrous Cross,” in Christianity Today, Vol. 53, No. 5 (May 27, 2009) 72-?.

YANCEY, Philip. See also BRAND, Dr. Paul W[ilson].

YODER, John Howard (1927-97)

**__________. “Review of The Scapegoat by René Girard,” Religion and Literature 19 (1987): 89-92. {4p.}

YODER, Perry B. (1940-)

**__________. Shalom: The Bible’s Word for Salvation, Justice and Peace. Newton, KS: Faith and Life Press, 1987. [Esp. p. 34.]

YOUNG, Frances M[argaret]. (1939-)

*__________. Sacrifice and the Death of Christ. Foreword by Maurice Wiles. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1978 (1975). {x, 149p.}

YOUNG, John (-)

__________. The Life and Light of Men. London: Alexander Strahan, 1866. {xxviii, 497p.}

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“W., H.” (pseud.).  See KNOWLES, John.

WAGGONER, Joseph H. (1820-89)

*__________.  “The Atonement.”  1884 [1863, 1868, 1876].  {}  [Early Seventh-Day Adventist theologian.  See also Uriah Smith.]

WALDENSTRÖM, Paul Peter (1838-1917)

****__________.  Be Ye Reconciled to God.  [Greatly condensed from The Reconciliation: Who Was to Be Reconciled…?]  Men for Missions, 1963.  {}  Online version:, TWT Ministries, n.d.  (Accessed Dec. 22, 2009.)

****__________.  “Be Ye Reconciled to God:  A Look at the Atonement,” in Reconciliation and the Atonement:  According to P. P. Waldenstrom, pp. 1-31.  [Lindale, TX]: Open Air Outreach, 2012; reprinted from Be Ye Reconciled to God (Men for Missions, 1963).  {30p.}

****__________.  The Blood of Jesus: What Is Its Significance?  Meditations on All the New Testament Passages in Which the Expression Occurs, translated with an introduction and notes by J. G. Princell.  Chicago: John Martenson, Publisher, 1888 [Swedish, 1880].  {48p.}

****__________.  The Lord Is Right: Meditations on the Twenty-Fifth Psalm in The Psalter of King David, translated with notes and introduction by J. G. Princell.  Chicago: John Martenson, Publisher, 1889 [Swedish, 1878].  {303p.}

****__________.  The Reconciliation: Who Was to Be Reconciled: God or Man? Or God and Man?—Some Chapters on the Biblical View of the Atonement.  Translated from Swedish, with notes and introduction, by J. G. Princell.  Chicago: John Martenson, Publisher, 1888 [Swedish, 1873].  {118p.}

****__________.  Smärtornas man [Man of Sorrows]: Esaias 53: dje kapitel, ester grundterten öswerfatt och utlagdt.  Stockholm: Pietistens Expedition, 1881.  {iv, 317p.}

WALKER, James Barr (1805-87)

__________.  The Philosophy of the Plan of Salvation.  [Lindale, TX]: Open Air Outreach, 2012 [1855; 1860; 1887].  {}  [Although a “governmental Atonement” advocate.  Pp. 46-??]

WALKER, William Lowe (1845-1930)  [“in the light of evolution…” ??]

WALLACE, Ronald S. (1911-2006)

__________.  The Atoning Death of Christ.  Foundations for Faith series, general editor, Peter Toon.  Westchester, IL: Crossway Books; London: Marshall Morgan & Scott, 1981.  {xii, 147p.}  (Reprinted, Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1997.)  (?)

WALLIS, Jim (1948-)  (?)

WARE, Kallistos [Timothy] (1934-)

**__________.  How Are We Saved?: The Understanding of Salvation in the Orthodox Tradition.  Minneapolis: Light & Life Publishing, 1996.  {[iv], 91p.}

**__________.  Salvation – The Orthodox Perspective.  Public Lecture delivered at Calvin College, Grand Rapids, MI, March 9, 1996.  (Cassette.)

WEAVER, J. Denny (1941-)

***__________.  “Jesus’ Death and the Non-violent Victory of God,’ Chapter 5 in Consuming Passion: Why the Killing of Jesus Really Matters, pp. 47-60.  London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 2005.  {14p.}

***__________.  Keeping Salvation Ethical: Mennonite and Amish Atonement Theology in the Late Nineteenth Century.  {}

***__________.  The Nonviolent Atonement.  Second Edition, Greatly Revised and Expanded.  Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011 (2001).  {xvi, 346p.}

WEDDLE, David L. (-)

__________.  “The Plan of Salvation,” Chap. VI in The Law as Gospel: Revival and Reform in the Theology of Charles G. Finney, pp. 191-231.  Studies in Evangelicalism, No. 6.  Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, 1985.  {31p.}

WEINGART, Richard E[rnest].  (-)

**__________.  The Logic of Divine Love: A Critical Analysis of the Soteriology of Peter Abailard.  Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1970.  {xiv, 220p.}

WEST, Cornel [Ronald] (1953-).

WESTCOTT, B[rooke]. F[oss]. (1825-1901)

***__________.  The Epistle to the Hebrews: The Greek Text with Notes and Essays.  New York, London: Macmillan and Co., 1889.  {lxxxiv, 504p.}  (Esp. pp.258-65, 293-98.)  (Reprint, Eerdmans, 1967.)

*__________.  The Gospel of the Resurrection: Thoughts on Its Relation to Reason and History.  Reprinted from the seventh edition.  Chillicothe, OH: DeWard Publishing Company, Ltd., 2012 [1866; 1867; 1874; 1879; 1884; 1888; n.d.].  {xxviii, 189p.}  [But not a single word was said in this gem of apologetics concerning Christ’s Resurrection as THE REVELATION par excellence OF GOD’S JUSTICE, i.e., of the apostle Paul’s pivotal concern in Romans, Galatians, Philippians…]

****__________.  “The Idea of Christ’s Blood in the New Testament” (Additional Note on i. 7), in Commentary on the Epistles of St. John: The Greek Text with Notes, p. 34-37.  Reprint of third edition with new Introduction, “Johannine Studies Since Westcott’s Day,” by F. F. Bruce.  Grand Rapids, MI:  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1966 (London, 1892 [1883; 1885]).  {4p.}

__________.  St. Paul’s Epistle to the Ephesians: The Greek Text with Notes and Addenda.  London:  Macmillan, 1906.  (esp. pp. 11-12)

WHICHCOTE, Benjamin (1609-83)  [<McLachlan.  A Cambridge Platonist.]  (??)

WHITE, Vernon (1953-)

***__________.  Atonement and Incarnation: An Essay in Universalism and Particularity.  Cambridge University Press, 1991.  {134p.}  [<Pulliam]

WHITELEY, D[enys]. E[dward]. H[ugh]. (-)

***__________.  “St. Paul’s Thought on the Atonement,” in The Journal of Theological Studies, Vol. VIII, Issue 2 (1 October, 1957) 240-55.  {16p.}  [doublecheck pagination; one source has 250-255.].

__________.  The Theology of St. Paul.  Second edition.  Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1974 (1966).  {}  [Chap. 6, which pages in this edition?  What else in this edition?]

***__________.  “The Whole Work of Christ.”  Chapter 6 in The Theology of St. Paul, pp. 130-154.  First edition.  Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1966.  {25p.}

WHYBRAY, R[oger]. N[orman]. (1923-97)

*__________.  Thanksgiving for a Liberated Prophet: An Interpretation of Isaiah Chapter 53.  Journal for the Study of the Old Testament, Supplement 4.  Sheffield, UK: JSOT, 1978.  {}

WIERSINGA, Herman A. (1927-)

****__________.  De Verzoening in de Theologische Diskussie.  Published Th.D. dissertation for the Free University of Amsterdam.  Kampen: J. H. Kok, 1972.  {224p.}  [Allegedly teaches we are “to accept Jesus as the representative of God where Jesus fulfills the role of God without partaking of any supernatural characteristics” acc. Claude Webster, Crosscurrents in Adventist Christology (online).]

***__________.  Verzoening als verandering.  Een gegeven voor menselijk handelen.  [Uitgeg. In samenw. Met het oekumenisch aktiecentrum.]  Baarn: Bosch & Keuning, 1975 [c. 1972].  {127p.}

***__________.  Verzoening met het lijden?  Baarn: Ten Have, 1975.  {116p.}

WILCKENS, Ulrich (1928-)

**__________.  “Theological Differences in the Exegesis of the Easter Testimony” and “The Resurrection of Jesus as Divine Confirmation of his Effective Work,” in Resurrection—Biblical Testimony to the Resurrection: An Historical Examination and Explanation, pp. 121-132.  Translated from the German by A. M. Stewart.  Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1978.  {12p.}  (Published in Great Britain by The Saint Andrew Press, 1977.  First published as ’Auferstehung’.  Themen der Theologie, Band 4.  Stuttgart: Kreuz-Verlag Erich Breitsohl und Co., 1970.)

WILDER, Amos N. (1895-1993)

__________.  New Testament Faith for Today.  New York: Harper & Brothers, 1955.  {}  [Theodore R. Clark calls “excellent.”]

WILLARD, Dallas (1935-2013)  [Did he actually write about Atonement before he died?]

WILLIAMS, Charles (1886-1945)

__________.  The Forgiveness of Sins.  (?)

__________.  He Came Down from Heaven.  (?)

WILLIAMS, D[avid]. Newell (1950-)

****__________.  Barton Stone: A Spiritual Biography.  St. Louis, MO: Chalice Press, 2000.  {x, 249p.}

****__________.  “The Power of Christ’s Sacrifice: Barton W. Stone’s Doctrine of Atonement,” Discipliana 54 (Spring 1994): 20-31.  {12p.}  [Esp. p. 27]

****__________.  “The Theology of the Great Revival in the West as seen through the Life and Thought of Barton Warren Stone.”  Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1979.  {}

WILLIAMS, H[arry]. A[bbott]. (1919-2006)

**__________.  Jesus and the Resurrection.  London, 1951.  {}  [“Most ably expounds the idea that nothing we do now will be wasted,” but “all be taken up into the glory of the resurrection.”  Acc. Murdoch E. Dahl.]

WILLIAMS, Rowan [Douglas] (1950-)

***__________.  “The Forgiveness of Sins: Hosea 11:1-9; Matthew 18:23-35,” with comments after by Mark D. Baker.  Chapter Eight in Stricken by God?: Nonviolent Identification and the Victory of Christ,” pp. 214-18.  Edited by Brad Jersak and Michael Hardin.  Grand Rapids, MI / Cambridge, UK: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2007.  {5p.}

**__________.  Resurrection.  New York: Pilgrim, 1982.  {}

WILLIAMS, Sam K. (-)

__________.  Jesus’ Death as Saving Event: The Background and Origin of a Concept.  Harvard Dissertations in Religion 2, edited by Caroline Bynum and George Rupp.  Missoula, MT: Scholars Press for Harvard Theological Review, 1975.  {253+p.}

__________.  “ ‘The Righteousness of God’ in Romans,” Journal of Biblical Literature 99/2 (June 1980):       [Esp. pp. 265, 290.]

WILSON, J[ames]. M[aurice]. (1836-1931)

__________.  The Gospel of the Atonement.  1901.  {}  [in Foley]

WISDOM OF SOLOMON (in the “Apocrypha”)  [Especially chapter two.]

WOLF, William J. (-1990)

__________.  No Cross, No Crown: A Study of the Atonement.  Garden City, NY: Doubleday & Co., 1957.  {216p.}

WOOD, David R. (-)

**__________.  “Finding Light in the Shadow of the Cross,” Chapter 11 in Consuming Passion: Why the Killing of Jesus Really Matters, pp. 112-19.  Edited by Simon Barrow and Jonathan Bartley.  London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 2005.  {8p.}

WORCESTER, Noah (1758-1837)

***__________.  The Atoning Sacrifice: A Display of Love—not of Wrath.  Cambridge, MA: Hilliard and Brown, 1829.

WOTTON, Anthony (1561-1626)

***__________.  Mr. Anthony Wotton’s Defence Against Mr. George Walker’s Charge, Accusing him of Socinian Heresie and Blasphemie: Written by him in his life-time, and given in at an hearing by Mr. Walker procured; And now published out of his own papers by Samuel Wotton his Sonne.  Together with a Preface and Postscript, briefly relating the Occasion and Issue thereof, By Thomas Gataker, an eye and eare-witnesse of either.  Cambridge, 1641.  {62p.}  [Denied the “imputed righteousness of Christ.”  “A well-established Puritan divine.”  Acc. Sarah Mortimer.]  Early English Books Online (EEBO).

__________.  De reconciliatione peccatoris libri IV… (long title; see McLachlan).  1624.  {}  [Richard Baxter paid tribute to this in his Treatise of Justifying Righteousness (1676), “in which he laboureth to disprove the rigid imputation of Christ’s holiness and obedience to man, and showeth that he is righteous to whom all sin of omission and commission is forgiven…” (p. 19).]

WRIGHT, N[icholas]. T[homas]. (1948-)

**__________.  “The Cross and the Caricatures: a response to Robert Jenson, Jeffrey John, and a new volume entitled Pierced for Our Transgressions.”  Eastertide, 2007.  {17p.}  (Online on Fulcrum Forum.)

***__________.  The Day the Revolution Began: Reconsidering the Meaning of Jesus’s Crucifixion.  New York: HarperOne/HarperCollins, 2016.  {viii, 440p.}

**__________.  “Reading Paul, Thinking Scripture: ‘Atonement’ as a Special Study (2007),” Chapter 22 in Pauline Perspectives: Essays on Paul, 1978-2013, pp. 356-78.  Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2013.  {22p.}  (Original, shorter version published in Markus Bockmuehl and Alan J. Torrance, eds., Scripture’s Doctrine and Theology’s Bible: How the New Testament Shapes Christian Dogmatics, pp. 59-71.  Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2008.  {13p.})

**__________.  “The Reasons for Jesus’ Crucifixion.”  Chapter 12 in Jesus and the Victory of God, pp. 540-611.  Christian Origins and the Question of God, Volume Two.  Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996.  {72p.}  (Reprinted as Chapter Three in Brad Jersak and Michael Hardin, eds., Stricken by God?  Nonviolent Identification and the Victory of Christ,” pp. 78-149.  Grand Rapids, MI / Cambridge, UK: Eerdmans, 2007.  {72p.})

WRIGHT, Nigel (-)

__________.  The Radical Evangelical.  1996.  {}  (?)

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VAN DYK, Leanne (1955-). (?)

*__________. “How Does Jesus Make a Difference? The Person and Work of Jesus Christ.” In Essentials of Christian Theology, pp. 205-20. Edited by William C. Placher. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2003. {16p.}

VANHOOZER, Kevin J. (1957-)

**__________. “The Atonement in Postmodernity: Guilt, Goats and Gifts.” In The Glory of the Atonement: Biblical, Historical and Practical Perspectives, pp. 367-404. Edited by Charles E. Hill and Frank A. James III. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2004. {38p.}

VAUGHAN, D[avid]. J[ames]. (1805-1905) (?)

VEITH, Gene Edward (1951-)

__________. The Soul of The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Eastbourne, England, 2005. {240p.}

VINET, Alexandre Rodolphe (1797-1847)

VOLF, Miroslav (1956-) [Though still penal substitutionary…so ultimately compromises.]

**__________. Exclusion and Embrace: A Theological Exploration of Identity, Otherness, and Reconciliation. Nashville: Abingdon, 1996. {336p.} [The nemesis of Weaver and Girard, but not overreacting into Boersma’s errors.]

**__________. Free of Charge: Giving and Forgiving in a Culture Stripped of Grace. Foreword by Dr. Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005. {247p.} [Creative and penetrating, this treatment still shunts right past premial justice, settling for “cheap forgiveness,” against his best intentions. Alas! Still drawing too much from Luther’s well.]

VOLKELIUS [VÖLKEL], Johannes (c.1565-1616)

__________. De vera religione libri quinque; quibus praefixus est Johannis Crellii liber De Deo et ejus Attributis. Racow, 1630. {} [But originally composed c. 1612. Revision not complete by author’s death in 1618.]

VORSTIUS, Conrad (1569-1622)

VOS, Geerhardus (1862-1949)

**__________. “The Eschatological Aspect of the Pauline Conception of the Spirit.” In Biblical and Theological Studies, by the Members of the Faculty of Princeton Theological Seminary. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1912. {} [Esp. p. 236.]

**__________. “The Pauline Doctrine of the Resurrection,” Princeton Theological Review 27 (1929): 20-29. {10p.}

**__________. “The Resurrection,” pp. 150-153, in The Pauline Eschatology. Grand Rapids, Eerdmans, 1930. {4p.} (Reprinted, Baker Academic, 1979.)

VOTH, Steven M. (-)

***__________. “Justice and/or Righteousness: A Contextualized Analysis of Sedeq in the KJV (English) and RVR (Spanish),” in The Challenge of Bible Translation: Communicating God’s Word to the World; Essays in Honor of Ronald F. Youngblood, pp. 321-46. General Editors, Glen G. Scorgie, Mark L. Strauss and Steven M. Voth. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003. {26p.} [Esp. pp. 333-34.]

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TALBOTT, Thomas B. (-)

***__________. “The Just Mercy of God: Universal Salvation in George MacDonald (1824-1905).” In “All Shall Be Well”: Explorations in Universalism and Christian Theology from Origen to Moltmann, pp. 219-46. Edited by Gregory MacDonald [pseud. for Robin Parry]. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2011. {28p.} [At last! Someone who incorporates Christ’s Resurrection in the Atonement! Pp. 236-37!!!]

TALIAFERRO, Charles A. (1952-)

**__________. “A Narnian Theory of the Atonement,” Scottish Journal of Theology 41, pp. 75-92. {18p.}

TAMBASCO, Anthony J. (1939-)

***__________. A Theology of Atonement and Paul’s Vision of Christianity. Zacchaeus Studies: New Testament. Collegeville, MN: A Michael Glazier Book/The Liturgical Press, 1991. {115p.}

TANNEHILL, Robert C. (1934-)

***__________. Dying and Rising with Christ: A Study in Pauline Theology. Berlin: Alfred Töpelmann, 1967. {136p.} (Reprinted, Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock Publishers, 2006.)

__________. The Shape of the Gospel: New Testament Essays. Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2007. (?)

TAYLOR, Greer M. (-)

**__________. “The Function of πιστις χριστου in Galatians,” The Journal of Biblical Literature 85 (1966): 58-76. {19p.}

TAYLOR, Henry (1711-85)

__________. Apology of Ben Mordecai. London, 1784. {} [<Warfield] [Unitarian Baptist, Vicar of Portsmouth. Authored, The Apology of Benjamin Ben Mordecai, etc., around the 1830’s (?). Doublecheck dates. Like Balguy??]

TAYLOR of Norwich, John (1694-1761)

***__________. A Catechism, or Summary of the Christian Religion, With Proofs from Scripture, and easy, familiar Explications under every Proposition; for the Instruction of Young Persons. Second Edition. London, 1752 (1750). {48p.} Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).

***__________. Paraphrase with Notes on the Epistle to the Romans. To which is prefixed A Key to the Apostolic Writings, or An Essay to explain the Gospel-Scheme, and the Principal Words and Phrases the Apostles have used in describing it. Fourth Edition. London, MDCCLXIX [1769] (First edition, 1746). {[x], 399p., [xxiii]} Early English Books Online (EEBO).

***__________. A scheme of Scripture-Divinity, formed upon the plan of the divine dispensations. With a vindication of the sacred writings. London, M.DCC.LXII. [1762]. {517p.} Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO).

***__________. The Scriptural Doctrine of Atonement Examined: first, in relation to Jewish sacrifices: and then, to the sacrifice of our blessed Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ. First American Edition. Boston: Farrand, Mallory, & Co., 1809 (1751). {298p.} [devastating attack on “original sin”; Smeaton (ironically!) cited; influenced Coleridge & Wordsworth; co-authored (?) with Purgold.] [but look at dates of his life and of the first book, above; were there more than one Taylor of Norwich? Get this straight; who’s who? {One of them} compiled a Hebrew Concordance (!) that “marked a real advance in study of the Hebrew Text”!] [Confirm which, exactly, Smeaton was writing about.]

TAYLOR, Vincent (1887-1968) [Saw atonement as not substitutionary; understood the blood as signifying life.]

__________. The Atonement in New Testament Teaching. Second edition. London: Epworth Press, 1945 [1940]. {221p.}

***__________. The Atonement in New Testament Teaching. Third edition. London: Epworth Press, 1958 [1940, 1945]. {}

***__________. The Cross of Christ. Eight Public Lectures. London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd. / New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1956. {vii, 108p.}

***__________. Forgiveness and Reconciliation: A Study in New Testament Theology. Second edition. London: Macmillan & Co. Ltd. / New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1946 [1941]. {xx, 242p.}

***__________. Jesus and His Sacrifice: A Study of the Passion-Sayings in the Gospels. London: Epworth, 1939. {}

***__________. “The Unity of the New Testament: The Doctrine of the Atonement,” in The Expository Times 58 (1946-47) 256-259. {4p.}

TEMPLE, William (1881-1944)

TERTULLIAN (c. 160-c. 230)

TERRY, Justyn Charles (-)

**__________. The Justifying Judgement of God: A Reassessment of the Place of Judgement in the Saving Work of Christ. Foreword by Murray Rae. Paternoster Theological Monographs. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2008. {xvi, 228p.} (Originally, Milton Keyes, UK: Paternoster, 2007.) [An enormous amount of scholarly energy was worthily expended to explore the meaning of the Cross as judgment, yet never a thought about the Resurrection as God’s judicial judgment!]

THALHOFER, Valentin (1825-91)

***__________. Das Opfer des alten und des neuen Bundes. Mit besonderer Rücksicht auf den Hebräerbrief und die katholische Meβopferlehre exegetisch-dogmatisch gewϋrdiget (The Offering of the Old and the New Covenants). Regensburg, 1870. [Extensively discussed in A. G. Mortimer, The Eucharistic Sacrifice. London, 1901.; evidently influenced S. C. Gayford and F. C. N. Hicks!]

THIMELL, Daniel P. (-)

__________. “Christ in Our Place in the Theology of John McLeod Campbell,” in Christ in Our Place: The Humanity of God in Christ for the Reconciliation of the World, pp. 182-206. Essays presented to Professor James Torrance, edited by Trevor A. Hart and Daniel P. Thimell. Exeter, Great Britain: The Paternoster Press / Allison Park, PA: Pickwick Publications, 1989. {25p.}

TIFFANY, Joel (1811-93)

__________. Tiffany’s Monthly: Devoted to the Investigation of Spiritual Science, Volume 2. [Spiritualist leader and author, but with a worthy criticism of penal substitution. As usual, however, he doesn’t hesitate to impute this novelty to Scripture itself!]

TÖLLNER, Johann Gottlieb (1724-74) [See McGrath, Iustitia Dei, pp. 367-9.]

__________. Die thätige Gehorsam Christi untersucht. 1768. {} [Renewed Piscator’s objection to the doctrine of Christ’s active obedience. No longer followed the orthodox interp. of the “passive obedience” as “a satisfaction to Divine justice” but explained it along lines partly Socinian, partly Arminian, and partly new. However, appears to place “sanctification” as the gateway to receiving “grace,” so inverted the Protestant consensus, reverting to the R.C.]

TOON, Peter (1939-2009)

TORRANCE, T[homas]. F[orsyth]. (1913-2007)

**__________. “The Resurrection and the Atoning Work of Christ.” Chapter 3 in Space, Time and Resurrection, pp. 61-85. Edinburgh: Handsel Press, 1976. {25p.} [Argued for “the faith OF Christ” as being “vicarious” & “substitutionary”; so still penal substitutionary.]

TRAVIS, Stephen H. (1944-)

__________. Christ and the Judgment of God: The Limits of Divine Retribution in New Testament Thought. Second Edition, fully revised and updated with 3 new chapters. Milton Keynes, UK; Colorado Springs, CO; Hyderabad, India: Paternoster / Peabody MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2008. {xiv, 383p.} (Originally, Christ and the Judgment of God: Divine Retribution in the New Testament. Basingstoke, Hants, UK: M. Pickering, 1986.)

__________. “Christ as Bearer of Divine Judgment in Paul’s Thought about Atonement,” in Atonement Today, pp. 21-38. Edited by John Goldingay. London: SPCK, 1995. {18p.} (Also in Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology, ed. Joel B. Green and Max Turner. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994. [Esp. p. 332, <Vanhoozer, in Glory of the Atonement.])

TRELSTAD, Marit (1967-)

TULL, James E. (-)

**__________. The Atoning Gospel. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1982. {xiv, 208p.} [pp. 30-31, 44, 56-7, 59-60, 129-30, <Brinsmead, “Documents on the Atonement”]

TUTU, Desmond (1931-)

**__________. No Future without Forgiveness. London, 1999. [Esp. pp. 51-2, “restorative justice”!]

TYMMS, T[homas]. Vincent (1842-1921)

****__________. The Christian Idea of Atonement: Lectures Delivered at Regent’s Park College, London, in 1903. London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd.; New York: The Macmillan Co., 1904. {xvi, 471p.}

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SAADE, Christian (-)

__________. “An Introduction to the Liberation Theology of Jose Miranda.” Student paper. Toronto: Institute for Christian Studies, n.d. {34p.}

SABOURIN, Léopold. See Stanislas LYONNET.

SAFSTROM, Mark [Daniel] (-)

***__________. The Swedish Pietists: A Reader. Excerpts from the Writings of Carl Olof Rosenius and Paul Peter Waldenström. Translated, edited, and introduced by Mark Safstrom. Eugene, OR: Pickwick Publications, 2015. {xiv, 237p.}

SANDAY, William (1843-1920)

SANDERS, John E. (1956-)

**__________, ed. Atonement and Violence: A Theological Conversation. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006. {xvii, 170p.}

SAYERS, Dorothy L[eigh]. (1893-1957)

*__________. Begin Here: A Statement of Faith. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1941. {xii, 156p.}

**__________. Creed or Chaos?: And Other Essays in Popular Theology. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1949 (London: Methuen, 1947. {96p.}) (Especially “The Dogma Is the Drama,” pp. 21-23. {3p.})

­­­­­­­­­­**__________. “Forgiveness and the Enemy,” The Fortnightly. New Series, vol. 149, no. 892 (April 1941): 379-382. {4p.?}

**__________. The Just Vengeance. The Litchfield Festival Play for 1946. London: Victor Gollancz, Ltd., 1946. {80p.}

**__________. The Man Born to Be King: A Play-cycle on the Life of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans,1943. {ix, 339p.}

*__________. The Mind of the Maker. New York: Meridian Books, 1956 (c. 1941). {220p.}

**__________. “Poetry, Language, and Ambiguity,” in The Poetry of Search and the Poetry of Statement, 282-283. London: Victor Gollancz, 1963. {2p.}

SCHLATTER, A[dolf]. von (1852-1938) [In 1917, he made a critical comment in connection with the Reformation Jubilee, to the effect that the Lutheran theology of the Reformation reduced Christ’s resurrection to the saving significance of his death on the cross.]

*__________. “The Content of the Easter Report.” In The History of the Christ: The Foundation of New Testament Theology, pp. 383-9. Translated by Andreas J. Köstenberger. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1997. {7p.} (Original German, Die Geschichte des Christus. Stuttgart: Calwer Vereinsbuchhandlung, 1923.)

__________. Das Kreuz. {}

**__________. Romans: The Righteousness of God. Translated by Siegfried S. Schatzmann. Beabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1991 [1935]. {} (Originally, Gottes Gerechtigkeit. Stuttgart: Calwer, 1935. [Pp. 29-42, 145—it is not God who is the object of the atonement, nor the wrath of God, but the sin that calls forth the wrath of God.])

**__________. “Jesus’ Resurrection.” In The Theology of the Apostles: The Development of New Testament Theology, pp. 264-65. Translated by Andreas J. Köstenberger. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1999. {2p.} [Here he integrates more of the theological significance of Christ’s resurrection.] (Original German, Die Theologie der Apostel. Stuttgart: Calwer Vereinsbuchhandlung, 1922.)

SCHLEIERMACHER, Friedrich (1768-1834)

__________. Der Christliche Glaube. 1843. [§ 101, 102.]

SCHOMANN, George (1539-91)

__________. Catechesis et confessio fide. 1574. {} [Polish (German-born) Socinian.]

SCHWAGER, Raymund (1935-2004)

__________. Jesus in the Drama of Salvation: Toward a Biblical Doctrine of Redemption. Translated by James G. Williams and Paul Haddon. New York: Crossroad, 1999. {}

__________. Must There be Scapegoats? Violence and Redemption in the Bible. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1987.

SCOTT, Walter (1796-1861)

***__________. The Ancient Gospel. Pamphlet. 1827. {}

***__________. The Gospel Restored: A Discourse of the True Gospel of Jesus Christ, in Which the Facts, Principles, Duties, and Priviliges [sic] of Christianity Are Arranged, Defined, and Discussed, and the Gospel in its Various Parts Shewn to Be Adapted to the Nature and Necessities of Man in His Present Condition. Concinnati: Printed by O. H Donogh, 1836. {576p.} (Reprinted by College Press Publishing Co., Inc., Joplin, MO, 1986.)

SCOTUS, Duns (1266-1308) [Against “merit.”]

SCROGGS, Robin (1930-)

__________. “Romans vi.7 Ο ΓΑΡ ΑΠΟΘΑΝΩΝ ΔΕΔΙΚΑΙΩΤΑΙ ΑΠΟ ΤΗΣ ΑΜΑΡΤΙΑΣ,” New Testament Studies 10 (1963): 104-8. {5p.}

SEEBERG, Reinhold (1859-1935)

__________. The Fundamental Truths of the Christian Religion. [Lecture xiii, acc. Foley.]

SEELEY, David (-)

__________. The Noble Death: Graeco-Roman Martyrology and Paul’s Concept of Salvation. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement. Sheffield, UK: Sheffield Academic Press, 1990. {264p.}

SEIFRID, Mark A. (1953-)

__________. Christ Our Righteousness: Paul’s Theology of Justification, pp. 65, 76, 130, 143-44. New Studies in Biblical Theology 9. Series editor, D. A. Carson. Leicester, UK: Apollos / Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000. {5p.}

***__________. “Paul’s Use of Righteousness Language Against Its Hellenistic Background,” in Justification and Variegated Nomism. Volume II, The Paradoxes of Paul, pp. 39-74. Edited by D. A. Carson, Peter T. O’Brien, and Mark A. Seifrid. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck / Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004. {36p.} [On O.T. “righteousness” as premial!]

__________. “The ‘righteousness of God’ revealed in the gospel,” in Christ, our Righteousness: Paul’s Theology of Justification, pp. 45-47. New Studies in Biblical Theology 9. Series editor, D. A. Carson. Leicester, UK: Apollos / Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000. {3p.}

SELL, Alan P. F. (1935-)

***__________. Hinterland Theology: A Stimulus to Theological Construction. Studies in Christian History and Thought. Milton Keynes, UK/Colorado Springs/Hyderabad: Paternoster, 2008. {[xv], 715p.}

SEVENSTER, Gerhard (1895-1985)

*__________. De Christologie van het Nieuwe Testament. Amsterdam, 1946. {} [Cited favorably in Wiersinga’s diss.]

SHELTON, R. Larry (-)

***__________. “A Covenant Concept of Atonement,” Wesleyan Theological Journal 19 (Spring 1984): 91-108. {18p.}

***__________. Cross & Covenant: Interpreting the Atonement for 21st Century Mission. Forewords by Leonard Sweet and Todd Hunter. Tyrone, GA: Paternoster, 2006. {xix, 268p.}

SIMMONS, Laura K. (-)

***__________. “Redemption and Atonement.” In Creed without Chaos: Exploring Theology in the Writings of Dorothy L. Sayers, pp. 104-109. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2005. {6p.}

**__________. “Rescuing Christianity from ‘Slip-Slop and Fiddle-Faddle’,” Chapter 3 in ibid., pp. 61-73. {13p.}

SIMPSON, A[lbert]. B[enjamin]. (1843-1919)

__________. “Divine Healing in the Atonement,” Christian and Missionary Alliance Weekly, (August 1890): 122-24. {3p.} Online: (last accessed 6/30/19)

__________. The Gospel of Healing. Reprint. Christian Publications, 1986 (1888). {128p.}

SKOUSEN, W. Cleon (1913-2006)

__________. “A Personal Search for The Meaning of the Atonement” (audio recording on CD). Speech given December 19, 1980 at a Missionary Zone Conference in Dallas, Texas. Riverton, UT: Ensign Productions, 2006 (1980). {80 min.} [Classic distillation of Mormon teaching about the Atonement for their young missionaries, by an author perhaps best known outside LDS circles for his widely-read exposés, The Naked Communist (1960) and The Naked Capitalist (1970).]

SMAIL, Thomas A[llan]. “Tom” (1928-2012)

*__________. “The Father, the Son and the Cross,” in The Forgotten Father, pp. 113-29. Eerdmans, 1980. {17p.}

***__________. Once and For All: A Confession of the Cross. Reprint. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2005. {x, 198p.} (Originally, [London]: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1998.)

SMALCIUS, Valentinus [SCHMALTZ, Valentin] (1572-1622)

SMIT, M[eijer]. C[ornelis]. (1911-1981)

**__________. “Fall and Redemption,” in Toward a Christian Conception of History, pp. 35-50. Edited and translated by Herbert Donald Morton and Harry an Dyke. Lanham, MD/New York/Oxford: Institute for Christian Studies (Toronto) and University Press of America, 2002. {16p.}

SMITH, David (1866-1932)

*__________. The Atonement in the Light of History and the Modern Spirit. London, New York, Toronto: Hodder ad Stoughton, 1918. {xii, 226p.} [p. 106; in V. Brümmer; at Cornerstone library. Exposes the fault of penal substitution that it denies God is “one in character and purpose and disposition.”]

SMITH, John E. (-)

**__________. “Atonement,” in Royce’s Social Infinite: The Community of Interpretation, pp. 150-58. With a new Preface by the Author. Archon Books, 1969. {9p.} (Originally, Liberal Arts Press, 1950.)

SMITH, Uriah (1832-1903)

*__________. “The Atonement. Not Made On the Cross – In Process Now,” editorial in Review and Herald, January 30, 1894. {} [Early Seventh-Day Adventist theologian. See also Joseph H. Waggoner.]

SNYDER, Darren W. See Darren W. Snyder BELOUSEK.

SOBRINO, Jon (1938-)

****__________. “The Death of Jesus and Liberation in History.” Chapter 6 in Christology at the Crossroads: A Latin American Approach, pp. 179-235. Translated by John Drury. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1978. {57p.} Originally published as Christología desde américa latina (esbozo a partir del seguimiento del Jesús histórico). Río Honto, México: Centro de Reflexión Teológica, 1976.

****__________. “The Resurrection of Jesus: Hermeneutic Problem.” Chapter 7 in ibid., pp. 236-58. {23p.}

****__________. “The Resurrection of Jesus: Theological Problem.” Chapter 8 in ibid., pp. 259-72. {14p.}

****__________. “The Death of Jesus.” Chapter 11, §7 in ibid., pp. 370-74. {5p.}

****__________. “The Resurrection of Jesus.” Chapter 11, §8 in ibid., pp. 374-81. {8p.}

****__________. “‘The Risen One Is the One Who Was Crucified’: Jesus’ Resurrection from among the World’s Crucified.” In Jesus in Latin America, pp. 148-58. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1987. {11p.} Originally published as Jesus en America Latina: Su significado para la fe y la cristologia. San Salvador: UCA/Editores, Universidad Centroamericana, 1982.

SOCINUS, Faustus (SOZZINI, Fausto Paolo) (1539-1604)

**__________. De Jesu Christo Servatore, Part III. Translated from the Latin with Critical Notes by Alan W. Gomes. Pasadena, CA: Dissertation for Fuller Theological Seminary, 1990 (Latin, 1598). {159p.}

SÖLLE, Dorothee (1929-2003)

__________. Christ the Representative: An Essay in Theology after the ‘Death of God’. Translated by David Lewis from the German Stellvertretung – Ein Kapitel Theologie nach dem ‘Tode Gottes’ (Kreuz Verlag, 1965) Fortress, 1967. {154p.} [Cited by H. Berkhof as “subjective,” supposedly like Wiersinga.]

SOLLY, Henry (1813-1903)

*__________. The Doctrine of Atonement by the Son of God. London and Lancaster, 1861. {388p.} [<Pulliam] [English Unitarian minister and social reformer.]

SPARROW-SIMPSON, W[illiam]. J[ohn]. (1859-1952)

**__________. “The Dogmatic Significance of the Resurrection,” Chap. X in Our Lord’s Resurrection, pp. 206-231. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1964. {26p.} (Reprint of second edition, London: Longmans, Green and Co., Ltd., 1909 [1905].)

**__________. “Christ’s Resurrection the Means of Our Justification,” Chap. XX inThe Resurrection and the Christian Faith, pp. 298-303. Grand Rapids MI: Zondervan, 1968. {6p.} (Reprint of The Resurrection and Modern Thought. London/New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1911.)

**__________. “Christ’s Resurrection Instrumental in the Moral Resurrection of Christians,” Chap. XXI in ibid., pp. 304-311. {8p.}

**__________. “S. Paul’s Conclusions on the Dogmatic Value of Christ’s Resurrection,” Chap. XXIII in ibid., pp. 318-325. {8p.}

[D. M. Stanley, p. 5: “He insisted upon its unique character in contrast with the resurrection of other men, and stressed the importance of the instrumentality of Christ’s glorified humanity in effecting the justification of the individual Christian in what he calls his ‘moral’ resurrection.”]

SPENCE, Alan (1947-)

*__________. The Promise of Peace: A Unified Theory of Atonement. London and New York: T & T Clark / A Continuum imprint, 2007. {xv, 126p.}

STANCARO, Francesco (1501-74) [See McGrath, Justitia Dei, 3rd ed., p. 242. Arch-Trinitarian. “The most disagreeable theologian known to history.” Argued in the gen. <Socinus in Poland for Christ as Mediator “wholly in his human nature” against Osiander, Melanchthon, Calvin & Beza. Thus Socinus was “a latter-day ‘Stancarist’,” acc. G. H. Williams.]

STANLEY, David Michael (1914-)

**__________. Christ’s Resurrection in Pauline Soteriology. Analecta Biblica, Investigationes Scientificae in Res Biblicas, 13. Romae: E Pontificio Instituto Biblico, 1961. {xxvii, 313p.}

STAUFFER, Ethelbert (1902-79)

**__________. New Testament Theology. Translated from the German by John Marsh. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1956 (1955). {373p.} Translated from the fifth edition of Die Theologie des Neuen Testaments. Stuttgart: W. Kohlhammer Verlag, 1948 (1941, 1946). See especially Appendix I, “The Principal Elements of the Old Biblical Theology of Martyrdom, pp. 331-334.” {4p.}

STEINBART, Gotthilf Samuel (1738-1809).

__________. Glückseligkeitslehre.

STE. MARIE, Andrew V. (-)

__________. Walking in the Resurrection: The Schleitheim Confession in Light of the Scriptures. {169p.}

STENDAHL, Krister (1921-2008)

__________. “Judgment and Mercy,” in Alexander J. McKelway and E. David Willis, eds., The Context of Contemporary Theology: Essays in Honor of Paul Lehmann. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1974. [Esp. p. 149.]

STEVENS, George Barker (1854-1906)

*__________. The Christian Doctrine of Salvation. 1905. {} [Aso <Pulliam & Warfield.]

*__________. The Johannine Theology. 1894. {}

*__________. The Pauline Theology. 1892. {} [In pp. 243-58 he spells out his view of Paul’s doctrine of the Atonement, according to his N. T. Theology, Second edition, p. 415, note 1 and seq., where he only summarizes it. See esp. pp. 101, 243-45, 253-54, according to Foley.]

*__________. The Theology of the New Testament. Second (revised) edition. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1918 (1899). {xvi, 618p.} [But held to propitiation of God’s wrath in Rom. 3:25, also double reconciliation, ]

STIER, Ewald Rudolph (1773-1852)

__________. Beitrage zur biblischen Theologie. Leipzig: C. H. F. Hartmann, 1828.

STONE, Barton W[arren]. (1772-1844)

****__________. Atonement: The Substance of Two Letters Written to a Friend. Lexington, KY: Joseph Charless, 1805. {36p.} Electronic edition, Derry, PA: Created by Ernie Stefanik, November 22, 1997: (accessed Jan. 15, 2010). {24p.}

­­­­****__________. “The Atonement, [etc.],” in An Address to the Christian Churches in Kentucky, Tennessee & Ohio on Several Important Doctrines of Religion, pp. 24-95. Knoxville, TN: Printed by M. & J. Norvell, 1814. {72p.}

****__________. “The Atonement,” Section III in An Address to the Christian Churches in Kentucky, Tennessee & Ohio on Several Important Doctrines of Religion. Second Edition. Corrected and enlarged. Lexington, KY: Printed by I. T. Cavins & Co., 1821. Electronic edition, Derry, PA: Created by Ernie Stefanik, April 19, 1998: pp. 19-47 (accessed March 4, 2010). {29p.}

****__________. “The Biography of Elder Barton W. Stone, written by himself,” in The Cane Ridge Reader, pp. xi-247. Edited by Hoke Smith Dickinson. Cane Ridge, KY: Cane Ridge Meeting House, 1972. {254p.} (Originally published for the author by J. A. & U. P. James, Cincinnati, 1847.)

****__________. A Reply to John P. Campbell’s Strictures on Atonement. Lexington, KY: Joseph Charless, 1805. {67p.} Electronic edition, Derry, PA: Created by Ernie Stefanik, January 31, 1998. {35p.} (accessed Jan. 15, 2010)

****__________ and Alexander Campbell (1788-1866). Atonement: An Exchange between Barton W. Stone and Alexander Campbell in The Millennial Harbinger, 1840-1841. Electronic edition, Derry, PA: Created by Ernie Stefanik, n.d. {c.128p.}

STORR, V[ernon]. F[aithfull]. (1869-1940) (?)

STRIGEL, Victorinus (1524-69)

STRONG, Augustus Hopkins (1836-1921)

__________. [Check his teaching on Atonement. Rejected both commercialism and governmental views. Also shifted in his later writings! Welcomed Rauschenbusch to the seminary and remained close friends, though had differences.]

STUHLMACHER, Peter (1932-)

*__________. “Why Did Jesus Have to Die?” Chapter 2 in Jesus of Nazareth—Christ of Faith, pp. 39-57. Translated by Siegfried S. Schatzmann. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 1993. {19p.} (German edition, Jesus von Nazareth—Christus des Glaubens. Stuttgart: Calwer Verlag, 1988.)

STUMP, Eleonore (1947-)

**__________. Atonement. Oxford Studies in Analytic Theology. Oxford University Press, 2019. {560p.}

*__________. “Atonement,” Chapter 15 in Aquinas, pp. 427-54. Arguments of the Philosophers. London and New York: Routledge, 2003. {28p.} [<Pulliam]

*__________. “Atonement and Justification.” In Trinity, Incarnation, and Atonement: Philosophical and Theological Essays, pp. 178-209. Edited by Ronald J. Feenstra and Cornelius Plantinga, Jr. Library of Religious Philosophy, Thomas V. Morris, General Editor. Volume 1. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1989. {32p.}

SWARTLEY, Willard M. (1936-)

**__________. Covenant of Peace: The Missing Peace in New Testament Theology and Ethics. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2006. {xviii, 542p.}

SWETE, H[enry]. B[arclay]. (1835-1917)

**__________. The Ascended Christ: A Study in the Earliest Christian Teaching. London: Macmillan and Co., Ltd., 1910. {168p.} [Esp. pp. 49-51. Continues Moberly’s theme about continual “sacrifice” of giving eternal life, the ‘life that died’.]

SWINBURNE, Richard (1934-)

*__________. Responsibility and Atonement. Oxford: Clarendon, 1989. {}

SYKES, Stephen W[hitefield]. (1939-)

__________. “Outline of a Doctrine of Sacrifice,” in Sacrifice and Redemption: Durham Essays in Theology. Edited by Stephen W. Sykes. Cambridge, 1991. {}

__________. The Story of Atonement. London: Darton, Longman & Todd, 1997. {}

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****__________. “Concerning the Way of Salvation,” Section II in The Racovian Catechism, with Notes and Illustrations, pp. 20-24. Translated from the Latin by Thomas Rees, F.S.A. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, Paternoster Row, 1818. Reprinted, Indianapolis, IN: Christian Educational Services, 1994. {5p.}

****__________. “Of the Promise of Eternal Life,” Section V, Chap. V in ibid., pp. 277-84. {8p.}

****__________. “Of the Promise of the Holy Spirit,” Section V, Chap. VI in ibid., pp. 284-95. {12p.}

****__________. “Confirmation of the Divine Will,” Section V, Chap. VII in ibid., pp. 295-97. {3p.}

****__________. “Of the Death of Christ,” Section V, Chap. VIII in ibid., pp. 297-320. {24p.}

****__________. “Of Faith,” Section V, Chap. IX in ibid., pp. 320-25. {6p.}

****__________. “Of Free Will,” Section V, Chap. X in ibid., pp. 325-46. {22p.}

****__________. “Of Justification,” Section V, Chap. XI in ibid., pp. 346-48. {3p.}

****__________. “Of the Priestly Office of Christ,” Section VI in ibid., pp. 349-59. {11p.}

****__________. “Of the Kingly Office of Christ,” Section VII in ibid., pp. 360-68. {9p.}

RAMACHANDRA, Vinoth (1954-)

*__________. “Resurrection: language,” “Resurrection: implications,” “Conclusion.” The Recovery of Mission: Beyond the Pluralist Paradigm, pp. 203-10, 210-15, 215-16. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996. {8, 6, 2p.}

RAMSEY, A[rthur]. M[ichael]. (1904-88)

*__________. The Glory of God and the Transfiguration of Christ. London, 1949. {}

***__________. The Resurrection of Christ: A Study of the Event and Its Meaning for the Christian Faith. London: Fontana/Collins Clear Type Press, 1961 [1945, 1946]. {} [D. M. Stanley, p. 5: “reveals a deeper insight into the meaning of NT soteriology, which must take Christ’s resurrection as its point of departure, both from the historical and the theological point of view. The double perspective of Christ’s death and resurrection is reflected in all the apostolic writings.”]

RAUSCHENBUSCH, Walter (1861-1918)

***__________. “The Social Gospel and the Atonement,” Chapter XIX in A Theology for the Social Gospel, pp. 240-79. Nashville and New York: Abingdon Press, 1917. {40p.}

RAY, Darby Kathleen (1964-)

**__________. Deceiving the Devil: Atonement, Abuse, and Ransom. Cleveland: The Pilgrim Press, 1998. {ix, 165p.}

READ, David H[axton]. C[arswell]. (1910-2001)

**__________. The Christian Faith. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1956. [p. 84, cited by Theodore R. Clark, p. 77.] (?)

REICHENBACH, Bruce R. (1943-)

***__________. “Healing View,” in The Nature of the Atonement: Four Views, pp. 117-142. Edited by James Beilby and Paul R. Eddy. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2006. {26p.}

REID, J[ohn]. K[elman]. S[utherland]. “Jack” (1910-2002)

**__________. Our Life in Christ. The Library of History and Doctrine. Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1963. {148p.}

RESTALL, Greg. See BAYNE, Tim.

RICHARDSON, Alan (1905-75)

***__________. “The Resurrection, Ascension and Victory of Christ,” Chapter 9 in An Introduction to the Theology of the New Testament, pp. 190-214. New York, Evanston and London: Harper & Row, 1958. {25p.} [See in Brinsmead, “The Scandal of God’s Justice”, Part 3]

***__________. “The Atonement Wrought by Christ,” Chapter 10 in ibid., pp. 215-41. {37p.}

RICHARDSON, Robert (1806-76)

*__________. Principles of the Reformation. Introduced and edited by Carson E. Reed. Orange, CA: New Leaf Books, 2002 [1852]. {102p.}

RITSCHL, Albrecht (1822-89)

__________. The Christian Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation: The Positive Development of the Doctrine. English translation, edited by H. R. Mackintosh and A. B. Macaulay. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1900. {xii, 673p.} Translated from Die christliche Lehre von der Rechtfertigung und Versönung. Third edition, 1889. [doublecheck which edition]

ROBERTSON, F[rederick]. W[illiam]. (1816-53)

ROGERS, George L. (1869-1947)

***__________. Studies in Paul’s Epistles to the Romans. Volume one. Bible Students Press, facsimile reprint, 2017 [Los Angeles: n.p., 1936]. {652p.}

***__________. Studies in Paul’s Epistles to the Romans, Volume One. Facsimile Edition. Windber, PA: Bible Student’s Press, n.d. [Canyon Country, CA: Concordant Publishing Concern, 1936]. {652p.}

__________. Studies in Paul’s Epistles to the Romans, Volume Two. Facsimile Edition. Windber, PA: Bible Student’s Press, n.d. {}

ROSS, D. M. (-)

***__________. The Cross of Christ. London: Hodder and Stoughton Ltd., 1938. {288p.}

ROTH, Wolfgang (1930-)

__________. Hebrew Gospel. Oak Park, IL: Meyer-Stone, 1988. {}

ROYCE, Josiah (1855-1916)

***__________. “Atonement,” chapter VI in The Problem of Christianity, pp. 165-86. With a new Introduction by John E. Smith. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press, 1968. {22p.} (Originally, The MacMillan Co., 1918.) (With slight modifications, published in The Atlantic Monthly, III (1913): 406-409. {4p.})

***__________. “The Christian Doctrine of Life,” chapter VII, § VIII-X, in ibid., pp. 201-208. {8p.}

RUTHERFORD, Samuel (1600-61)

*__________. [“Given that God wills the death of Christ on the basis of his punitive justice, a necessity of the exercise of justice would remove the fully gracious and loving character of Christ’s death. Nor, Rutherford argues, could God transfer the penalty of sin from the deserving sinner to the innocent Christ if he were necessitated to punish sin, declare the penalty of eternal death for it, and then will, not death, but a future restitution for sinful humanity!” Richard A. Muller, Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics, pp. 495-96.]

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